hybrid Toyota Prius

PEV basics

  • ICE. Internal combustion engine. Most cars and trucks today have this.
  • Hybrid. Has both an internal combustion engine and an electric motor that work together for better overall gas mileage.
  • EV or BEV. Electric Vehicle or Battery Electric Vehicle. These are 100% electric - no emissions.
  • PEV. Plug-in Electric Vehicle. Any electric vehicle that charges by plugging it in to an electric outlet.
  • PHEV. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle. Just like a regular hybrid, except that it has a larger battery for greater distance, and is charged by plugging into an electric outlet.
  • EVSE. Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment. Charging equipment made specifically for electric vehicles. It connects your car to the power supply.

Vehicle Costs

  • The cost of electricity to power your electric vehicle is usually much less than the mileage-equivalent cost of gasoline.
  • Fewer moving parts mean lower maintenance costs. Also, there are no oil changes. And, in some models, you'll have fewer brake replacements.

Yes. There are state rebates up to $2,500, and federal tax rebates up to $7,500. More about EV rebates and incentives.

Also, SMUD has a $599 "Charge free for two years" rebate.

EVSE installation is required for Level 2 charging at home. A licensed electrician installs a 240V circuit. Costs vary according to your electric service, panel capacity and the age of your home's circuitry. We strongly recommend hiring a licensed electrician to conduct a load survey.

A licensed electrician can give you the best assessment of any upgrade you may need, and their cost.


You will probably need a permit. Contact your city building code office for specific requirements.


Yes. You can plug into a regular 120V 20-amp dedicated outlet. That is considered a Level 1, or 'trickle' charge.

  • Level 1 (120V): A standard household outlet.
  • Level 2 (240V): Plug in at home, work or a public site.
  • DCFC (Direct Current Fast Charger): Typically, these will be located in a public space, and not at your home.

It depends on the vehicle, the charging level (see above), and also how depleted your battery is.

  • At Level 1: Approximately 8-20 hours.
  • At Level 2: Approximately 4-8 hours.
  • DCFC: Less than 20 minutes to reach an 80 percent charge.

Most people charge in their own garage overnight. Public chargers are available in such places as parking garages, shopping centers and other locations. Find public chargers in your area.

Yes. As an EV owner you can participate in a Time-of-Day (TOD) rate that provides an additional 1.5¢ per kWh credit every day, all year long, for charging your EV between midnight and 6 a.m.

There are four payment options at a Direct Current Fast Charger (DCFC).

  • Credit card payment with a VISA, MasterCard or American Express
  • Call the toll free number at the charger to speak with a Greenlots operator
  • Use the App and QR code on the charger
  • Use the RFID Card available through Greenlots


  • If you have a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle, the gas engine will help recharge your battery. But plugging it in to recharge the battery is more efficient and avoids harmful emissions.
  • If you have a 100 percent battery electric vehicle, you will need to plug it in to recharge the battery.

First of all, it is illegal to dispose of EV batteries in a landfill. And the recycling value of their material components makes it unlikely that they will. EV batteries use high value metals, such as nickel and lithium. Because of that, almost all materials in an EV battery are, in fact, recycled.


For more information or to enroll in a rate, please email us at: pev@smud.org.

Electric vehicle charger

Drive Electric and Save

Choose between a $599 incentive or a FREE Level 2 electric vehicle charger.

Find out more

Free Classes

Residential Time-of-Day Rates for EV and Solar Customers

Find out how to get the best rate for charging an EV.

Sign up online
Electric Vehicle Estimator

Electric Vehicle Estimator

Use our online tool to see if an electric vehicle is a good fit for you.

Try it now
Plug-In Electric Vehicle

SMUD's electric vehicle charging stations

You can charge most fast-charge EVs in less than 30 minutes at one of SMUD's charging stations.

SMUD solar parking lot
6151 S Street, just west of the SMUD Headquarters building.
Get directions

Sacramento International Airport
Free waiting area
5750 Crossfield Dr.
Get directions

Citrus Heights
7825 Lichen Dr., adjacent to Raley's grocery store.
Get directions

Sacramento Natural Foods Co-op
2820 R Street, Sacramento
Get directions

Amtrak Station
401 I Street, Sacramento
Get directions

Nugget Market
7101 Elk Grove Blvd, Elk Grove
Get directions