- ICE. Internal combustion engine. Most cars and trucks today have this.
- Hybrid. Has both an internal combustion engine and an electric motor that work together for better overall gas mileage.
- EV or BEV. Electric Vehicle or Battery Electric Vehicle. These are 100% electric - no emissions.
- PEV. Plug-in Electric Vehicle. Any electric vehicle that charges by plugging it in to an electric outlet.
- PHEV. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle. Just like a regular hybrid, except that it has a larger battery for greater distance, and is charged by plugging into an electric outlet.
- EVSE. Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment. Charging equipment made specifically for electric vehicles. It connects your car to the power supply.
- The cost of electricity to power your electric vehicle is usually much less than the mileage-equivalent cost of gasoline.
- Fewer moving parts mean lower maintenance costs. Also, there are no oil changes. And, in some models, you'll have fewer brake replacements.
EVSE installation is required for Level 2 charging at home. A licensed electrician installs a 240V circuit. Costs vary according to your electric service, panel capacity and the age of your home's circuitry. We strongly recommend hiring a licensed electrician to conduct a load survey.
A licensed electrician can give you the best assessment of any upgrade you may need, and their cost.
You will probably need a permit. Contact your city building code office for specific requirements.
Yes. You can plug into a regular 120V 20-amp dedicated outlet. That is considered a Level 1, or 'trickle' charge.
- Level 1 (120V): A standard household outlet.
- Level 2 (240V): Plug in at home, work or a public site.
- DCFC (Direct Current Fast Charger): Typically, these will be located in a public space, and not at your home.
It depends on the vehicle, the charging level (see above), and also how depleted your battery is.
- At Level 1: Approximately 8-20 hours.
- At Level 2: Approximately 4-8 hours.
- DCFC: Less than 20 minutes to reach an 80 percent charge.
Most people charge in their own garage overnight. Public chargers are available in such places as parking garages, shopping centers and other locations. Find public chargers in your area.
Yes. As an EV owner you can participate in a time-of-use (TOU) rate that provides an additional 1.5¢ per kWh credit every day, all year long, for charging your EV between midnight and 6 a.m.
- If you have a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle, the gas engine will help recharge your battery. But plugging it in to recharge the battery is more efficient and avoids harmful emissions.
- If you have a 100 percent battery electric vehicle, you will need to plug it in to recharge the battery.
First of all, it is illegal to dispose of EV batteries in a landfill. And the recycling value of their material components makes it unlikely that they will. EV batteries use high value metals, such as nickel and lithium. Because of that, almost all materials in an EV battery are, in fact, recycled.
For more information or to enroll in a rate, please email us at: firstname.lastname@example.org.