Time-of-Day (4-7 p.m.) Rate
On a Time-of-Day rate, when you use electricity is just as important as the amount of electricity you use because you pay different rates for electricity based on the season and the time of day that you use it.
Rates are lower during off-peak periods because it costs us less to produce or purchase electricity. Rates increase when both the demand and cost for electricity increase, especially during the summer months.
TOD rates give you flexibility to help you control your electric bill by:
- Shifting your electricity use to off-peak times
- Using less during peak hours, and
- Reducing your overall usage.
If you own or lease a rooftop solar system or plug-in electric vehicle, you can enroll in our Time-of-Day (4-7 p.m.) Rate now.
This rate closes to new enrollments December 31, 2017.
Looking for our Time-of-Day (5-8 p.m.) Rate? Click here.
Understanding the Time-of-Day (4-7 p.m.) Rates
Have questions about Time-of-Day? Watch our short introductory video.
Time-of-Day (4-7 p.m.) Rate details
Saving during peak hours is important
The goal of Time-of-Day pricing is to reduce how much electricity we use during peak hours. Demand for electricity soars during the summer months, especially during weekday late afternoon and early evening hours.
To meet this higher demand, we often have to buy energy from very expensive and less environmentally-friendly sources. We can avoid purchasing less desirable forms of energy and building new power plants by reducing electricity use during peak periods. We all absorb the high costs, but the environmental costs affect the entire planet.
By shifting when you use electricity, you can save on your electric bill and reduce the impact to the electric grid and our community.
Time-of-Day (4-7 p.m.) Rate details
- Peak - 9 AM to 9 PM weekdays
- Off-Peak - 9 PM to 9 AM All hours on weekends and holidays
- Summer Super Peak - 4 PM to 7 PM weekdays, June 1 to September 30
Enroll in the Time-of-Day (4-7 p.m.) Rate
Frequently Asked Questions
What is TOD?
TOD means Time-of-Day. On this type of rate, when you use electricity is just as important as the amount of electricity you use. You pay different rates for electricity based on the time of day you use it. For example, rates are highest during weekdays in the summer from 4 PM to 7 PM. Plus, TOD rates give you more control over your bill since you have the ability to shift your electricity use to times when it costs less.
TOD time periods
The TOD (4-7 p.m. Peak) Rate has different time periods called Off-Peak, Peak, and Summer Super Peak. Typically, you pay a lower price for electricity during off-peak periods because it costs us less to produce or purchase. You pay a higher price during peak hours when demand for electricity is higher and the cost is higher. During Summer Super Peak hours, the demand is highest and so is the price.
How can I control my electric bill?
Shifting your electricity use to off-peak times (doing your laundry or running your dishwasher) and reducing your overall usage (turning off your TV when you're not watching or using your grill instead of your oven) can help you control your electric bills. You'll help defer the need to build more power plants, and buy energy from sources that are less environmentally friendly.
If you have an electric vehicle and charge it from midnight to 6 AM, there is a 1.5¢ kWh EV credit for charging between midnight and 6 AM, every day, all year long, including weekends and holidays. That credit applies to all of your household electricity use during these hours. You also reduce the potential of overloading our electrical system. That’s good for our community and the environment.
Using energy-saving technologies such as Smart Strip power strips can also help you save on electricity costs.
When does the new residential TOD Rate start?
The TOD (4-7 p.m.) Rate became available to a small group of customers in January 2016.
From January to June 2017, all residential customers were eligible to take advantage of this TOD (4-7 p.m.) Rate. (Our business customers are already on TOD rates). Effective June 30, 2017, this rate will only be available to:
- Customers who own or lease rooftop solar systems on their homes.
- Customers who own or lease plug-in electric vehicles.
Starting as early as September 2018, customers will be transitioned to a new Time-of-Day (5-8 p.m.) Rate. Learn more about the Time-of-Day (5-8 p.m.) Rate here.
Do I have to notify SMUD that I own a plug-in electric vehicle in order to receive the EV credit?
Yes, if you're not already identified in our billing system as an EV owner, we'll need to add your electric vehicle to your account so that you can receive the reduced rate. This reduced price will apply to all of your household electricity use from 12 AM to 6 AM, including weekends and holidays.
NOTE: This rate is for plug-in electric vehicles only. Hybrids are not eligible. Also, customers need to charge on their own meter, not a shared meter in a multi-family building.
How will my bill change on residential TOD?
Your electricity usage charges will be based on the new rate that applies to the time period when usage occurred: Off-Peak, Peak and Summer Super Peak You'll also see individual line items for your current electricity usage and costs for each time period as shown below in the sample SMUD bill.
To see an EV or solar bill sample, please select one of the following links:
When will I see the rate change on my bill?
You should see your new rate within 1 to 2 billing cycles after enrolling on the TOD (4-7 p.m.) Rate.
What holidays are off-peak?
- New Year's Day, January 1
- Martin Luther King Jr. Day, third Monday in January
- Lincoln's birthday, February 12
- Presidents Day, third Monday in February 5
- Memorial Day, last Monday in May
- Independence Day, July 4
- Labor Day, first Monday in September
- Columbus Day, second Monday in October
- Veterans Day, November 11
- Thanksgiving Day, fourth Thursday in November
- Christmas Day, December 25
*If a holiday notes a specific date but the holiday falls on a weekend, the “observed” weekday will not receive the Off-Peak rate. However, for all holidays that do not list a specific date, the Off-Peak rate will apply on the “observed” weekday, whether or not the holiday falls on a weekend.
Can I switch to the standard flat rate if I decide not to stay on the TOD rate?
Yes, after you've been on the TOD rate for 12 months, you can choose to switch to the standard flat rate. There are a few exceptions to the 12 month requirement, including the following:
- Purchase of a plug-in electric vehicle
- Installation of a rooftop solar electric system
- SMUD introduces a new rate
What appliances or electronics should I avoid using during peak hours?
You can reduce the use of appliances like large flat screen TVs, your pool filter or oven. During the summer, the biggest electricity user in your home is your air conditioning system.
You can lower your electricity costs if you reduce or eliminate air conditioner use during Summer Super Peak hours. Since it's still daylight outside between 4 PM and 7 PM during the summer, be sure to turn off any lights you're not using.
Will I know how much my appliances cost to operate per hour?
To estimate the costs for your appliances, use this formula:
Appliance wattage ÷ 1000 = Kilowatt hour (kWh) consumption. Kilowatt hour (kWh) consumption x your rate = cost per kWh.
Here's an example:
1500 watts ÷ 1000 = 1.5 kWh
1.5 kWh x $.0846 = $0.13 per hour
You can usually find the wattage on the side or bottom of appliances. Don't forget that some appliances, like water heaters, are controlled by a thermostat and cycle on and off during use.
Can I receive alerts about my energy usage when it is high?
Yes, you can set up alerts to be notified when your usage is on track for a higher bill than expected at smud.org/MyEnergyTools.
How much can I save on TOD?
Everyone's energy use is different but if you shift your use to off-peak hours, use less electricity during peak hours, and reduce your use overall, you may be able to lower your electricity bill on this rate.
Will SMUD turn off my air conditioner during Summer Super Peak hours?
No. You will always have control over your air conditioner and all of your appliances.
What tools are available to help me manage my electricity use?
Use our interactive My Energy Tools charts to learn about your yearly, daily, even hourly electricity use for the past 24 hours, or any hour, day or month for the past 24 months. This will help you learn more about your household's energy habits. You can also set an energy savings goal and track your progress. Log in any time and view your usage through smud.org/MyEnergyTools.
What is the difference between NEM1 and NEM2?
The main difference between NEM1 and NEM2 is the date that the rooftop solar system was installed. NEM1 represents all customers who have rooftop solar systems installed or approved for installation prior to December 31, 2017. NEM2 represents solar customers who have their solar systems installed or approved for installation after December 31, 2017. Each type has different rate options.
What are my rate options as a solar customer?
Customers approved for solar installation or who have moved into a home with solar before January 1, 2018, may remain on their current rate for up five years (December 31, 2022). You will also be eligible to enroll in new rates that become available, but may not return to your previous rate after switching to a new rate.
Will my monthly credit for excess generation be calculated differently with TOD?
No, there are no changes to how the monthly net charge/credit is calculated. You'll continue to receive a retail-valued credit on your bill for your monthly excess electricity generated by your electric solar system.
Will my annual settlement option change with TOD?
No, there will be no changes to your annual settlement that you previously selected.
- Payout settlement: If you chose the Annual Net Surplus Generation option and had excess generation, the kWh will not carry over, and you will be paid out for any excess generation at the Generation Compensation Value rate, which is published on smud.org. The 2016 Generation Compensation Value rate is $0.0596. If you consumed more than you generated, all additional usage will show as a charge on your settlement invoice, at the retail cost.
- Carry-over settlement: If you chose the Opt-Out of Annual Net Surplus Generation option and had excess generation, the excess kWh will carry over to the first bill following the settlement and apply to the TOD periods, based upon that first bill's usage. If you consumed more than you generated, all electricity charges due on your settlement invoice will show as an amount due.
If I chose to carryover any excess generation to the new settlement period, how is the kWh applied to the TOD time periods?
The excess kWh are allocated to the TOD time periods based upon the kWh received from SMUD during each time period on your first bill following the settlement. Any remaining kWh—after applying the allocated kWh to each time period and toward your net usage for that first bill—will be applied at a retail-valued credit. This credit will continue to carry over on each monthly bill until used or settled on the 12th bill.